The so-called “math talk” is a key part of establishing early math abilities. The concept of “math speak” is straightforward but powerful. It entails incorporating numbers and mathematical concepts into the conversation with the kids. “How many more blocks do you need?” we may simply incorporate numbers, quantities, and mathematics into a block play with the youngster. Children learn mathematical ideas in this way: via play and hands-on activities that are verbalized for them.
The opportunity to link math and language is beneficial to all students and helps them grasp math ideas better. As pupils discuss their problem-solving methods, the instructor listens intently. This offers her insight into her pupils’ level of knowledge and informs her of any misconceptions that need to be corrected in future lectures.
Why do students need more math talk?
Students can reflect on their own understanding while making sense of and evaluating the views of others as they talk about mathematical topics. This can help students attain higher-order thinking abilities, as needed by the Common Core Standards for Mathematical Practice when done in a collaborative and supportive learning setting. Conjectures may be made, past information can be linked to present understanding, students can reason about mathematics, develop and revise their techniques, and they can take ownership of their mathematical knowledge.
Students gain immensely from learning to explain and defend their ideas using the instruments of mathematical discourse, which include words, symbols, diagrams, physical models, and technology. Teachers may access, monitor, and assess students’ mathematics comprehension and growth by teaching them these new abilities. By communicating, analyzing, and making understanding arithmetic as “math talk, ” students get to talk about their problem-solving tactics, detailing not just what they did but also why they did it. They have the ability to make observations, ask questions, and voice doubts.
Students must also listen to their classmates in order to comprehend what they accomplished and reply with a comment or question. Disagreements or faults may arise during the procedure. These aren’t something to avoid; instead, they’re chances to broaden your knowledge. Engaging in math conversation helps everyone comprehend the concepts at hand.
Math discussion has been found to boost learning in studies done by education scholars Suzanne Chapin and Beth Herbel-Eisenmann. It can help with memory and comprehension, as well as language and social skills development, as well as confidence and enthusiasm in arithmetic.
Learning math is a process of becoming a member of a community that undertakes mathematical work, not a process of gaining a collection of facts or methods.
Math is used by many individuals to interact and communicate with one another. They make sense of fascinating and challenging topics. They defend their beliefs and try to persuade others that they are correct.
Guidance to engage all the students in the math talks
- Talking about mathematics with primary pupils allows them to get a better knowledge of the subject. To get the conversation started, use these three suggestions. Discussion helps ALL students to build mathematical language. Students who are native English speakers will also require assistance in learning the math language.
- Students should become proficient in mathematical language, including vocabulary, symbolic representations, grammar, semantics, and linguistic aspects, as defined in the Standards for Mathematical Practice. Furthermore, pupils must have numerous opportunities to utilize mathematics as a language in various types of communication. Students can practice with more accuracy via discussion.
- Teachers may help students enhance their mathematical language skills by asking critical questions and encouraging them to seek clarification. Teachers may stimulate and encourage students, as well as create meaningful conversation, in this way, building a positive classroom atmosphere that promotes learning.
- A teacher may create a classroom that is rich in possibilities for math discussion in a variety of ways. The use of “worked examples” — issues that have been solved by someone else, possibly a fictitious student – to promote student learning is one piece of advice based on cognitive science research. Students can be given two distinct but accurate methods to a problem and asked to compare and contrast them, searching for the advantages and disadvantages of each technique. Students can discuss their thoughts and ask new questions as a class, with the teacher facilitating the process.
- Listen in on their partner-share chats and keep an eye out for fresh tactics to highlight for the entire class. After a minute or two, invite a student to present their work. Make a conscious decision about who you share your information with. You should select a student who applied the precise tactics you wish to emphasize. If possible, have the student share their work in front of a document camera. It’s fantastic for the other children to be able to observe the problem-solving process in action.
- Teachers can start a math conversation by using a teacher-created graphic, such as the math talk discussion card for kindergarten and first grade and higher. They can also urge students to present and explain a visual (such as a sketch or table) that helped them solve a math issue.
- Math tools that give entry points for tackling difficult math problems include pattern blocks, grid paper, and base 10 blocks. These hands-on tools also provide students with something to talk about as they demonstrate how they addressed an issue step by step.
Questions to create effective math talk in the classroom
The language used by the instructor has a significant impact on the development of student-to-student dialogue. To begin, it is critical to consider the questions we ask in math classes. Teachers may also engage students in discourse by asking real questions that inspire discussion and debate, as well as requiring students to focus on the mathematics at hand while explaining and supporting their ideas. When a teacher asks a question that he or she does not know the solution to, he or she is truly seeking to enhance his or her grasp of the students’ thoughts. They are employed so that the math community (your pupils) may see different ways of thinking.
Questions for teachers to put in their classrooms to encourage discussion:
1.) What happened?
2.) What attracted you about it ?
3.) What are your thoughts?
4.) How did you get to that conclusion?
5.) Are you able to back this up?
6.) What if…..? (speculation)
7.) Does anyone have a different perspective on this?
8.) Is there anything further that can be added to ‘s suggestion?
9.) Can you persuade us?
10.) What do you think is going to happen next?
11.) What makes you think you know something?
12.) Do you agree, or do you have a respectfully different suggestion?
13.) Are there any trends here that you can identify? Are there any concepts that are comparable to what we’ve already discussed?
As we balance the diversity of academic and social requirements that occur in our classrooms, developing questions on the fly may be tough. It’s all too tempting to fall back on closed questions that focus on solutions rather than methods in these situations. As a result, we must plan which questions to include in our lesson plans. It’s critical to recognize what these questions don’t do when you start to apply them. By praising or validating student replies, these questions do not replace the students’ thinking. These questions are meant to stimulate students’ thinking, inspire reflection, and push them to think more thoroughly about the mathematical concepts at hand.